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清末徽淳边江湖术士的隐语结构及生活世界(8)

时间:2011-09-04 16:51来源:本站整理 作者:方光禄 点击:

对于拟在同一码头“开生意”的两位“当相者”,其竞争的规矩也很特殊:

“凡当相大都是出门之人,一时尴尬,欠少盘费,问同是相者,或同是行者,曰统洋子。彼若自不能顾,亦不能相赠。若我到此地,已开生意,后又来一同行,地少人稀,未免两伤,即赠彼数十文,或一二百文,彼即立刻动行往别处,不去亦可,但不准开生意。他人先到,已开生意,我后到,亦如前例。若他无钞相赠,则不妨并开生意,各显高强也。彼若畏我,却来向我相让,即赠盘费求我别开码头,则肯与不肯,皆由我定。”

“当相者”这种相互竞争方式的约定,同样折射出儒家中和、礼貌、互谅的文化品格。正如王慧所认为的:长期在儒家“中庸”、“谦让”的思想熏陶下形成的国人价值观,也在民间边缘性群体中得到极力张扬。[27]

二○○七年四月

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[11] 王振忠.徽州社会文化史探微[M].上海:上海社会科学院出版社,2003.

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The Structures of Professional Jargons used by Physiognomists and Their Lives on the Border of Chun’an and Huizhou District in Late Qing Dynasty

Fang Guanglu

(Huizhou Normal School, Huangshan, Anhui Province)

Abstract: An Abstract of the Spare Professional Jargons at All Corners of the Country, a hand-copied book, expressed that the structures of words and phrases of professional jargons used by physiognomists on the border of Huizhou and Chun’an district mainly consisted of word building of pronunciation, characters, rhetoric and syntax. They had painstaking division of labor. The reason why they chose their jobs and their sphere of activities were deeply affected by the social surroundings of their area. In order to improve their living surroundings, physiognomists used professional jargons which showed their made of thinking and psychological feature as well as the fact that borderline culture catered to the main stream of culture and imitated it.

Key Words: late Qing Dynasty, Huizhou district, Chun’an district, physiognomist, professional jargon, life

(本文转自徽州师范网站)



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